Selecting & Using Hammers

The Novice or General DIY'er should have 3 types of hammers in their tool kit in order to tackle the majority of home DIY tasks.

On The DIY School Hand & Power Tool Course you will earn how to select and use the following hammers.

Cross Pein Pin Hammer.

Cross Pein HammerA cross pein hammer of about 4oz in weight is for use with small pins and nails. Its' lighter weight will make it more controllable preventing bending the more fragile pins. The pein refers to the flat area of the hammer that strikes the nail or pin heads, the cross refers to the narrow surface. The pein is used for most task the pein for use in confined areas such as tapping pins in to a window beading.

Claw Hammer

The claw pein hammer is used for both driving larger nails home as well as removing them. A typical and most useful weight would be a 16oz hammer. The claw is used to lever old or miss driven nails out of wood etc. When levering nails out always protect a decorative or finished surface from being damaged with an off cut of wood or alike.

Lump Hammer.

A lump hammer is generally used for demolition or breaking tasks in conjunction with a bolster chisel. An ideal weigh would be a 32oz lump hammer. They can be used for very large nails but this is not generally recommended

Ideal Use of Hammer.

The idea is to let the weight of the falling hammer drive the nail home. The pein should hit the nail head flat and straight down the shaft of the nail. The hammer should be held comfortably at the end of handle. The need for excessive force would indicate that the hammer is too light or the nail, the nail is faulty or has hit an obstruction such as another nail or knot in the wood in which case remove and consider drilling a pilot hole to pass through the knot